Approximate Viscosity Conversions

Seconds
Saybolt
Universal
SSU

Kinematic viscosity
Seconds
Saybolt
Furol
SSF
Seconds
Red-
wood 1
Standard
Seconds
Red-
wood 2
Admiralty
Degrees
Engler
Degrees
Barbay
Kine-
matic
centi-
stokes
centistokes
ft/sec
31
31.5
32
32.6
33
34
1.0
1.13
1.81
2.00
2.11
2.40
0.00001076
0.00001216
0.00001948
0.00002153
0.00002271
0.00002583
29
29.4
29.8
30.2
30.6
31.3
1.00
1.01
1.08
1.10
1.11
1.14
6200
5486
3425
3100
2938
2583
1.0
1.13
1.81
2.00
2.11
2.40
35
36
38
39.2
40
2.71
3.00
3.64
4.00
4.25
0.00002917
0.00003229
0.00003918
0.00004306
0.00004575
32.1
32.9
33.7
35.5
36.2





5.10

1.17
1.20
1.26
1.30
1.32
2287
2066
1703
1550
1459
2.71
3.00
3.64
4.00
4.25
42
42.4
44
45.6
46
4.88
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.13
0.00005253
0.00005382
0.00005920
0.00006458
0.00006598
38.2
38.6
40.6
41.8
42.3
5.25
5.28
5.39
5.51
5.54
1.36
1.37
1.40
1.43
1.44
1270
1240
1127
1033
1011
4.88
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.13
46.8
50
52.1
55
55.4
7.00
7.36
8.00
8.88
9.00
0.00007535
0.00007922
0.00008611
0.00009558
0.00009688
43.1
44.3
46.0
48.3
48.6
5.60
5.83
6.03
6.30
6.34
1.48
1.58
1.64
1.73
1.74
885
842
775
698
689
7.00
7.36
8.00
8.88
9.00
58.8
60
65
70
75
10.00
10.32
11..72
13.08
14.38
0.0001076
0.0001111
0.0001262
0.0001408
0.0001548
51.3
52.3
56.7
60.9
66.1
6.66
6.77
7.19
7.60
8.02
1.83
1.87
2.01
2.16
2.37
620
601
529
474
431
10.00
10.32
11.72
13.08
14.38
80
85
90
95
100
15.66
16.90
18.12
19.32
20.52
0.0001686
0.0001819
0.0001950
0.0002080
0.0002209
69.2
73.4
77.6
81.6
85.6
8.44
8.87
9.30
9.71
10.12
2.45
2.59
2.73
2.88
3.02
396
367
342
321
302
15.66
16.90
18.12
19.32
20.52
120
140
160
180
200
25.15
29.65
34.10
38.52
42.95
0.0002707
0.0003191
0.0003670
0.0004146
0.0004623
102
119
136
153
170
11.88
13.63
15.39
17.14
18.90
3.57
4.11
4.64
5.12
5.92
246
209
182
161
144
25.15
29.65
34.10
38.52
42.95
300
400
500
600
700
64.6
86.2
108.0
129.4
151.0
0.0006953
0.0009278
0.001163
0.001393
0.001625
32.7
42.4
52.3
62.0
72.0
253
336
423
507
592
28.0
37.1
46.2
55.3
64.6
8.79
11.70
14.60
17.50
20.44
96
71.9
57.4
47.9
41.0
64.6
86.2
108.0
129.4
151.0
800
900
1000
172.6
194.2
215.8
0.001858
0.002090
0.002323
82.0
92.1
102.1
677
762
846
73.8
83.0
92.3
23.36
26.28
29.20
35.9
31.9
28.7
172.6
194.2
215.8
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
259.0
302.3
345.3
388.5
431.7
0.002788
0.003254
0.003717
0.004182
0.004647
122
143
163
183
204
1016
1185
1354
1524
1693
111
129
148
166
185
35.1
40.9
46.7
52.6
58.4
23.9
20.5
18.0
15.6
14.4
259.0
302.3
345.3
388.5
431.7
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
539.4
647.3
755.2
863.1
970.9
0.005806
0.006967
0.008129
0.009290
0.01045
254
305
356
408
458
2115
2538
2961
3385
3807
231
277
323
369
415
73.0
87.6
102
117
131
11.5
9.6
8.21
7.18
6.39
539.4
647.3
755.2
863.1
970.9
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
1078.8
1294.6
1510.3
1726.1
1941.9
0.01161
0.01393
0.01626
0.01858
0.02092
509
610
712
814
916
4230
5077
5922
6769
7615
461
553
646
738
830
146
175
204
234
263
5.75
4.78
4.11
3.59
3.19
1078.8
1294.6
1510.3
1726.1
1941.9
10000
15000
20000
2157.6
3236.5
4315.3
0.02322
0.03483
0.04645
1018
1526
2035
8461
10692
16923
922

292
438
584
2.87
19.2
1.44
2157.6
3236.5
4315.3

Centrifugal Pump Performance
for Water and Viscous Material



Equivalents of Kinematic and Saybolt
Furol Viscosity

Kinematic Viscosity,
Centistokes
v
Equivalent Saybolt
Furol Viscosity, Sec
  Kinematic Viscosity,
Centistokes
v
Equivalent Saybolt
Furol Viscosity, Sec
At 122 At 210 At 122 At 210
48 25.3   650 306.7 314.1
50 26.1 25.2 675 318.4 326.4
60 30.6 29.8 700 330.2 338.7
70 35.1 34.4 725 342.0 351.0
80 39.6 39.0 750 353.8 363.4
90 44.1 43.7 775 365.5 375.7
100 48.6 48.3 800 377.4 388.1
125 60.1 60.1 825 389.2 400.5
150 71.7 71.8 850 400.9 412.9
175 83.8 83.7 875 412.7 425.3
200 95.0 95.6 900 424.5 437.7
225 106.7 107.5 925 436.3 450.1
250 118.4 119.4 950 448.1 462.5
275 130.1 131.4 975 459.9 474.9
300 141.8 143.5 1000 471.7 487.4
325 153.6 155.5 1025 483.5 499.8
350 165.3 167.6 1050 495.2 512.3
375 177.0 179.7 1075 507.0 524.8
400 188.8 191.8 1100 518.8 537.2
425 200.6 204.0 1125 530.6 549.7
450 212.4 216.1 1150 542.4 562.2
475 224.1 228.3 1175 554.2 574.7
500 235.9 240.5 1200 566.0 587.2
525 247.7 252.8 1225 577.8 599.7
550 259.5 265.0 1250 589.5 612.2
575 271.3 277.2 1275 601.3 624.8
600 283.1 289.5 1300 613.1 637.3
625 294.9 301.8 Over 1300 * +

* More than 1300 Centistokes at 122: Saybolt Fluid Sec = Centistokes x 0.4717
+ More than 1300 Centistokes at 210: Log(Saybolt Furol Sec - 2.87) = 1.0276 (Log(Centistokes)) - 0.3975

Expansion of Oils as Temperature Increases

expantemp.gif (38623 bytes)

Kinematic Viscosity of Common Liquids

Liquid SG at 60
(unless noted)
Viscosity
SSU
Acetic Acid (100%) 1.05 31.2 68
Acetone (100%) .79 29.6 68
Alcohol-Ethyl (100%) .79 32.3 68
Animal Oils:
Bone Oil

Cod Oil

Lard

Lard Oil

Menhadden Oil

Neatsfoot Oil

Sperm Oil

Whale Oil

.92

.93

.96

.91 - .93

.93

.92

.88

.93

220
65
150
95
287
160
190 - 220
112 - 128
140
90
230
130
110
78
163 - 184
97 - 112

130
212
100
130
100
130
100
130
100
130
100
130
100
130
100
130
Asphalts:
Unblended or Virgin Asphalts

RS-1, MS-1 or SS-1 Emulsified Primer or Binder

RC-0, MC-0 or SC-0 Cutbacks or Binders

RC-1, MC-1 or SC-1 Cutbacks or Binders

RC-2, MC-2 or SC-2 Cutbacks or Binders

RC-3, MC-3 or SC-3 Cutbacks or Binders

RC-4, MC-4 or SC-4 Cutbacks or Binders

RC-5, MC-5 or SC-5 Cutbacks or Binders

Asphalt Emulsion Type I Federal Spec.

Asphalt Emulsion Types II, V and VI Federal Spec.

1.1 - 1.5

~1.0

~1.0

~1.0

~1.0

~1.0

~1.0

~1.0

~1.0

~1.0

2500 - 12000
600 - 3600
155 - 1000
90 - 350
737 - 1500
280 - 500
2400 - 5000
737 - 1500
2400 - 5000
1000 - 2000
6000 - 13000
2500 - 5000
8000 - 20000
1250 - 2500
28000 - 85000
3000 - 6000
1000 - 7000
350 - 1700
155 - 1000
90 - 350

250
300
77
100
77
100
100
122
122
140
122
140
140
180
140
180
77
100
77
100
Automobile Crankcase Oils
(Average Midcontinent Paraffin Base):
SAE 10

SAE 20

SAE 30

SAE 40

SAE 50

SAE 60

SAE 70

SAE 10W
SAE 20W


.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94
.88 - .94


165 - 240
90 - 120
240 - 400
120 - 185
400 - 580
185 - 255
580 - 950
255 - 580
950 - 1600
80 - 105
1600 - 2300
105 - 125
2300 - 3100
125 - 150
5000 - 10000
10000 - 40000


100
130
100
130
100
130
100
130
100
210
100
210
100
210
0
0
Automobile Transmission Lubricants:
SAE 80
SAE 90

SAE 140

SAE 250

.88 - .94
.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94

100000 max
800 - 1500
300 - 500
950 - 2300
120 - 200
Over 2300
Over 200

0
100
130
130
210
130
210
Benzol .88 @ 68F 30.3 68
Black Liquor (typical) 1.30 5.000
2.500
122
130
Carbon Tetrachloride 1.59 @ 68F 30.1 68
Caustic Soda Solutions:
20% NaOH
30% NaOH
40% NaOH

1.22
1.33
1.43

39.4
58.1
110.1

65
65
65
Cornstarch Solutions:
22 B

24 B

25 B

1.18

1.20

1.21
150
130
600
440
1400
800
70
100
70
100
70
100
Corn Syrups 1.5 5000 - 500000
1500 - 60000
100
130
Crude Oils:
Texas, Oklahoma

Wyoming, Montana

California

Pennsylvania

.81 - .92

.86 - .88

.78 - .92

.8 - .85

40 - 783
34.2 - 210
74 - 1215
45 - 320
40 - 4840
34 - 700
46 - 216
38 - 86

60
100
60
100
60
100
60
100
Diesel Engine Lubricating Oils
(Based on Average Midcontinent Paraffin Base):
Federal Specification #9110

Federal Specification #9170

Federal Specification #9250

Federal Specification #9370

Federal Specification #9500


.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94


165 - 240
90 - 120
300 - 410
140 - 180
470 - 590
200 - 255
800 - 1100
320 - 430
490 - 600
92 - 105


100
130
100
130
100
130
100
130
130
210
Diesel Fuel Oils:
#2D

#3D

#4D

#5D

.82 - .95

.82 - .95

.82 - .95

.82 - .95

32.6 - 45.5
39
45.5 - 65
39 - 48
140 max
70 max
400 max
165 max

100
130
100
130
100
130
122
160
Ethyl Acetate .90 @ 68F 29.7 68
Formic Acid 1.22 @ 68F 29.7 68
Freon 1.37 - 1.49 @ 70F 29.3 70
Fuel Oils:
#1

#2

#3

#5A

#5B

#6

Navy Specification

Navy II

Gasoline

Gasoline (Natural)
Gas Oil

.82 - .95

.82 - .95

.82 - .95

.82 - .95

.82 - .95

.82 - .95

.99 max

1.0 max

.68 - .74

.68
.89

34 - 40
32 - 35
36 - 50
33 - 40
35 - 45
32.8 - 39
50 - 125
42 - 72
125 - 400
72 - 310
450 - 3000
175 - 780
110 - 225
63 - 115
1500 max
480 max
30
29.9
29.6
73
50

70
100
70
100
100
130
100
130
100
130
122
160
122
160
122
160
60
100
68
70
100
Glucose 1.4 35000 - 100000
4 - 11000
100
150
Glycerine (100%) 1.26 @ 68F 2950
813
68.6
100
Glycols:
Propylene
Triethylene
Diethylene
Ethylene

1.04
1.13
1.12
1.13

240.6
185.7
149.7
88.4

70
70
70
70
Honey (Raw)   340 100
Hydrochloric Acid (31.5%) 1.15 33 68
Kerosene .78 - .82 35
32.6
68
100
Machine Lubricating Oil
(Average Pennsylvania Paraffin Base):
Federal Specification #8

Federal Specification #10

Federal Specification #20

Federal Specification #30


.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94

.88 - .94


112 - 160
70 - 90
160 - 235
90 - 120
235 - 385
120 - 185
385 - 550
185 - 255


100
130
100
130
100
130
100
130
Mercury 13.6   70
Milk 1.02 - 1.05 31.2 68
Mineral Lard Cutting Oil:
Federal Specification Grade 1

Federal Specification Grade 2
 
140 - 190
86 - 110
190 - 220
110 - 125

100
130
100
130
Molasses:
"A" (First)

"B" (Second)

"C" (Blackstrap or Final)

1.5

1.5

1.5

1300 - 23000
700 - 8000
6400 - 60000
3000 - 15000
17000 - 250000
6000 - 75000

100
130
100
130
100
130
Nitric Acid 1.41 31.5 68
Petrolatum .83 100
77
130
160
Phenol (Carbolic Acid) .95 - 1.08 65 65
Pine Tar 1.06 2500
500
100
132
Plant Oils:
Castor Oil

China Wood Oil

Coconut Oil

Corn Oil

Cottonseed Oil

Creosote
Linseed Oil, Raw

Olive Oil

Palm Oil

Peanut Oil

Rape Seed Oil

Rosin Oil

Rosin (Wood)

Sesame Oil

Soybean Oil

Turpentine

.96 @ 68F

.94

.93

.92

.90

1.04 - 1.10
.94

.92

.92

.92

.92

.98

1.09 Average

.92

.93 - .98

.87

1200 - 1500
450 - 600
1425
580
140 - 148
76 - 80
135
54
176
100
70
143
93
200
115
221
125
195
112
250
145
1500
600
500 - 20000
1000 - 50000
184
110
165
96
33
32.6

100
130
69
100
100
130
130
212
100
130
68
100
130
100
130
100
130
100
130
100
130
100
130
200
190
100
130
100
130
60
100
Printer's Ink 1.00 - 138 2500 - 10000
1100 - 3000
100
130
Road Tar:
Grade RT-2

Grade RT-4

Grade RT-6

Grade RT-8

Grade RT-10

Grade RT-12

1.07

1.08

1.09

1.13

1.14

1.15

200 - 300
55 - 60
400 - 700
65 - 75
1000 - 2000
85 - 125
3000 - 8000
150 - 225
20000 - 60000
250 - 400
114000 - 456000
500 - 800

122
212
122
212
122
212
122
212
122
212
122
212
Silicate of Soda 1.38
1.41
365
637.6
100
100
Sucrose Solutions/Sugar Syrups:
60 Brix

62 Brix

64 Brix

66 Brix

68 Brix

70 Brix

72 Brix

74 Brix

76 Brix

1.29

1.30

1.31

1.33

1.34

1.35

1.36

1.38

1.39

230
92
310
111
440
148
650
195
1000
275
1650
400
2700
640
5500
1100
10000
2000

70
100
70
100
70
100
70
100
70
100
70
100
70
100
70
100
70
100
Sulfuric Acid (100%) 1.83 75.7 68
Tallow .92 (Average) 56 212
Tar - Coke Oven

Tar - Gas House
1.12

1.16 - 1.30
3000 - 8000
650 - 1400
15000 - 300000
2000 - 20000
71
100
70
100
Transformer Oil   115 max
65 max
70
100
Turbine Lubricating Oil
(Federal Specification Penn Base)
.91 average 400 - 440
185 - 205
100
130
Varnish - Spar .9 1425
650
68
100

 


Specific Gravity and Viscosity of Liquids

Liquid Boiling
point
at
atm
press
Specific gravity Viscosity
Temp Based
on water
= 1 at 60
Temp centistokes SSU
Automatic
crankcase oils SAE 10W

SAE 10W

SAE 20W

SAE 20

SAE 30

SAE 40

SAE 50

  60 15.6 .88-.94 0 -17.8 1295-max 6M-max
  60 15.6 .88-.94 0 -17.8 1295-2590 6M-12M
  60 15.6 .88-.94 0 -17.8 2590-10350 12M-48M
  60 15.6 .88-.94 210 98.9 5.7-9.6 45-58
  60 15.6 .88-.94 210 98.9 9.6-12.9 58-70
  60 15.6 .88-.94 210 98.9 12.9-16.8 70-85
  60 15.6 .88-.94 210 98.9 16.8-22.7 85-110
Automotive
gear oils SAE 75W

SAE 80W

SAE 85W

SAE 90W

SAE 140

SAE150

  60 15.6 .88-.94 210 98.9 4.2 min 40 min
  60 15.6 .88-.94 210 98.9 7.0 min 49 min
  60 15.6 .88-.94 210 98.9 11.0 min 63 min
  60 15.6 .88-.94 210 98.9 14-25 74-120
  60 15.6 .88-.94 210 98.9 25-43 120-200
  60 15.6 .88-.94 210 98.9 43 min 200 min
Beer   60 15.6 1.01 68 20 1.8 32(est)
Benzene (Benzol) C6H6   60 0
15.6
0.899
0.885
32
66
0
20
1.00
0.744
31
Bone oil   60 15.6 0.918 130
212
54.4
100
47.5
11.6
220
65
Boric acid, sat. H3BO3   46.4
59
8
15
1.014
1.025
       
Brine see sodium choride and clacium chloride                
Bromine   68
32
20
0
2.9 68 20. 0.34  
Butane-n   60 15.6 0.584 -50
30
-1.1 0.52
0.35
 
Butyric acid n   60 20 0.959 68
32
20
0
1.61
2.3cp
31.6
Calcium chloride 5%

25%

  60 18.3 1.040 65 18.3 1.156  
  60 15.6 1.23 60 15.6 4.0 39
Carbolic acid (phenol)   60 18.3 1.08 65
194
18.3
90
11.83
1.26cp
65
Carbon tetrachoride CCl4 170
76.7
68 20 1.594 68
100
20
37.8
0.612
0.53
 
Carbon disulphide CS2 115
46.2
32
68
0
20
1.293
1.263
32
68
0
20
0.33
0.298
 
Castor oil   68
104
20
40
0.96
0.95
100
130
37.8
54.4
259-325
98-130
1200-1500
450-600
China wood oil   60 15.6 0.943 69
100
20.6
37.8
308.5
125.5
1425
580
Chloroform 142
61.2
68
140
20
60
1.489
1.413
68
140
20
60
0.38
0.35
 
Cocoanut oil   60 15.6 0.925 100
130
37.8
54.4
29.8-31.6
14.7-15.7
140-148
76-80
Cod oil   60 15.6 0.928 100
130
37.8
54.4
32.1
19.4
150
95
Corn oil   60 15.6 0.924 130
212
54.4
100
28.7
8.6
135
54
Corn starch solutions 22 Baume

24 Baume

25 Baume

  60 15.6 1.18 70
100
21.1
37.8
32.1
27.5
150
130
  60 15.6 1.20 70
100
21.1
37.8
129.8
95.2
600
440
  60 15.6 1.21 70
100
21.1
37.8
303
173.2
1400
800
Cotton seed oil   60 15.6 .88-.93 100
130
37.8
54.4
37.9
20.6
176
100
Creosote   60 15.6 1.04-1.10 60
130
15.6
54.4
   
Crude oil 48? API

40?API

35.6 API

32.6 API

Salt Creek

  60
130
15.6
54.4
0.79
0.76
60
130
15.6
54.4
3.8
1.6
39
31.8
  60
130
15.6
54.4
0.825
0.805
60
130
15.6
54.4
9.7
3.5
55.7
38
  60
130
15.6
154
0.847
0.824
60
130
15.6
54.4
17.8
4.9
88.4
42.3
  60
130
15.6
154
0.862
0.84
60
130
15.6
54.4
23.2
7.1
110
46.8
  60
130
15.6
54.4
0.843
0.82
60
130
15.6
54.4
77
6.1
45.6
Decane-n 343
173
60 20 0.73 0
100
17.8
37.8
2.36
1.001
34
31
Diethylene glycol   60 15.6 1.12 70 21.1 32 149.7
Diethyl ether 94.4 68 20 0.714 68 20 0.32  
Diesel fuel oils 20

30

40

60

  60 15.6 .82-.95 100
130
37.8
54.4
2-6
1.-3.97
32.6-45.5
-39
  60 15.6 .82-.95 100
130
37.8
54.4
6-11.75
3.97-6.78
45.5-65
39-48
  60 15.6 .82-.95 100
130
37.8
54.4
29.8 max
13.1 max
140 max
70 max
  60 15.6 .82-.95 122
160
50
71.1
86.6 max
35.2 max
400 max
165 max

theocetate
COOC2H3

Dowtherm

171
77.2
494.3
15
20
25
15
20
25
0.907
0.90
1.056
59
68
77
15
20
25
0.4
0.49
 
Ethyl bromide
C2H5Br
101
77.2
59 15 1.45 68 20 0.27  
Ethylene bromide 269
131.7
68 20 2.18 68 20 0.787  
Ethylene choride 183
83.7
68 20 1.246 68 20 0.668  
Ethylene glycol   60 15.6 1.125 70 21.1 17.8 88.4
Formic acid
10%

50%

80%

Conc.

  68 20 1.025 68 20 1.04 31
  68 20 1.121 68 20 1.2 31.5
  68 20 1.186 68 20 1.4 31.7
  60 15.6 1.221 68
77
20
25
1.48
1.57cp
31.7
Freon
-11

-12

-21

  70 21.1 1.49 70 21.1 0.21  
  70 21.1 1.33 70 21.1 0.27  
  70 21.1 1.37 70 21.1 1.45 31.7
Furfurol 161.7 68 20 1.159 68
77
20
25
1.45
1.49cp
31.7
Fuel oils
1

2

3

5A

5B

6

  60 15.6 .82-.95 70
100
21.1
37.8
2.39-4.28
-2.69
34-40
32-35
  60 15.6 .82-.95 70
100
21.1
37.8
3.0-7.4
2.11-4.28
36-50
33-40
  60 15.6 .82-.95 70
100
21.1
37.8
2.69-5.84
2.06-3.97
35-45
32.8-39
  60 15.6 .82-.95 70
100
21.1
37.8
7.4-26.4
4.91-13.7
50-125
42-72
  60 15.6 .82-.95 70
100
21.1
37.8
26.4-
13.6-67.1
125-
72-310
  60 15.6 .82-.95 122
160
50
71.1
97.4-660
37.5-172
450-3M
175-780
Gas oils   60 15.6 0.89 70
100
21.1
37.8
13.9
7.4
73
50
Gasolines
a

b

c

  60 15.6 0.74 60
100
15.6
37.8
0.88
0.71
 
  60 15.6 0.72 60
100
15.6
37.8
0.64
 
  60 15.6 0.68
60
100
15.6
37.8
0.46
0.40
 
Glycerine
100%
554
68
20
1.260
68.6
100
20.3
37.8
648
176
2950
813
50% water   68
20
1.13
68
140
20
60
5.29
1.85cp
43
Glucose   60
15.6
1.35-1.44
100
150
37.8
65.6
7.7M-22M
880-2420
35M-100M
4M-11M
Heptane-n 209.2
98.4
60 15.6 0.688 0
100
-17.8
37.8
0.928
0.511
 
Hexane-n 155.7
68.7
60 15.6 0.664 0
100
-17.8
37.8
0.683
0.401
 
Honey         100 37.8 73.6 349
Industrial lubricants Turbine oils
685 SSU at 100F

420 SSU

315 SSU

215 SSU

150 SSU

        60
200
15.6
93.3
647
14.5
3000
77
        60
200
15.6
93.3
367
11
1700
63
        60
200
15.6
93.3
259
8
1200
52
        60
200
15.6
93.3
151
7.3
700
48
        60
200
15.6
93.3
99
6
460
45.5
Machine lubricants
#8

#10

#20

#30

      .88-.94 100
130
37.8
54.4
23-34
13-18
112-160
70-90
      .88-.94 100
130
37.8
54.4
34-72
18-25
160-235
90-120
      .88-.94 100
130
37.8
54.4
72-83
25-39
235-385
120-185
      .88-.94 100
130
37.8
54.4
75-119
39-55
350-550
185-255
Cutting oils
#1

#2

        100
130
37.8
54.4
30-40
17-23
140-190
86-110
        100
130
37.8
54.4
40-46
23-26
190-220
110-125
Ink, printers   60 15.6 1.0-1.4 100
130
37.8
54.4
550-2200
238-660
2500-10M
1100-3M
Insulating oil         70
100
21.1
37.8
24.1 max
11.75 max
115 max
65 max
Kerosene   60 15.6 .78-.82 68 20 2.71 35
Jet Fuel (av) 325 60 15.6 62 -30. -34.4 7.9 52
Lard   60 15.6 0.96 100
130
37.8
54.4
62.1
34.3
287
160
Lard oil   60 15.6 .91-.93 100
130
37.8
54.4
41-47.5
23.4-27.1
190-220
112-128
Linseed oil   60 15.6 .92-.94 100
130
37.8
54.4
30.5
18.94
143
93
Mercury 675.1
356.9
60 15.6 13.57 70
100
21.1
37.8
0.118
0.11
 
Methyl acetate 135
57.2
68 20 0.93 68
104
20
40
0.44
0.32cp
 
Methyl iodide 108
42.6
68 20 2.28 68
104
20
40
0.213
0.42cp
 
Menhadden oil   60 15.6 0.93 100
130
37.8
54.4
29.8
18.2
140
90
Milk   60 15.6 1.02-1.05 68 20 1.13 31.5
Molasses
A, first

B, second

C, blackstrap

  60 15.6 1.40-1.46 100
130
37.8
54.4
281-5070
151-1760
1300-23500
700-8160
  60 15.6 1.43-1.48 100
130
37.8
54.4
1410-13.2M
660-3.3M
6535-61180
3058-15294
  60 15.6 1.46-1.49 100
130
37.8
54.4
2630-55M
1320-16.5M
12190-255M
6120-76.5M
Naphthalene 424
218
68 20 1.145 176
212
80
100
0.9
0.78cp
 
Neatstool oil   60 15.6 0.917 100
130
37.8
54.4
49.7
27.5
230
130
Nitrobenzene 412
210.9
68
59
20
15
1.203
1.205
68 20 1.67 31.8
Nonane-n 302
150.7
60
68
15.6
20
0.7218
0.718
0
100
-17.8
37.8
1.728
0.807
32
Octane-n 258
125.6
60 15.6 0.7069 0
100
-17.8
37.8
1.266
0.645
31.7
Olive oil 570
300
60 15.6 .91-.92 100
130
37.8
54.4
43.2
24.1
200
Palms oil   60 15.6 0.924 100
130
37.8
54.4
47.8
26.4
 
Peanut oil   60 15.6 0.92 100
130
37.8
54.4
42
23.4
200
Pentane-n   60 0
15.6
0.650
0.631
0
80
17.8
26.7
0.508
0.342
 
Petrolatum   60 15.6 0.83 130
160
54.4
71.1
20.5
15
100
77
Petroleum ether   60 15.6 0.64 60 15.6 31(est) 1.1
Propionic acid   68 20 0.99 32
68
0
20
1.52cp
1.13
31.5
Propylene glycol   68 20 1.038 70 21.1 52 241
Quenching oil
(typical)
  60 15.6 .86-.89     100-120 20.5-25
Rapeseed oil   68 20 0.92 100
130
37.8
54.4
54.1
31
250
145
Rosin oil   60 15.6 0.98 100
130
37.8
54.4
324.7
129.9
1500
600
Rosin (wood)   60 15.6 1.09 avg 100
200
37.8
93.3
216-11M
108-4400
1M-50M
500-20M
Sesame seed oil   60 15.6 0.923 100
130
37.8
54.4
39.6
23
184
110
Sodium chloride
5%

25%
  39 3.9 1.037 68 20 1.097 31.1
  39
60
3.9
15.6
1.196
1.19
60 15.6 2.4 34
Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda)
20%

30%

40%

  60 15.6 1.22 65 18.3 4.0 39.4
  60 15.6 1.33 65 18.3 10.0 58.1
  60 15.6 1.43 65 18.3   110.1
Soya bean oil   60 15.6 .924-.928 100
130
37.8
5.4
35.4
19.64
165
96
Sperm oil   60 15.6 1.35-1.44 100
130
37.5
54.4
21-23
15.2
110
78
Sugar solutions
Corn syrup
86.4 Brix

84.4 Brix

82.3 Brix

80.3 Brix

78.4 Brix

  60 15.6 1.459 100
180
37.8
82.2
180Mcp
1750cp
 
  60 15.6 1.445 100
180
37.8
82.2
48Mcp
800cp
 
  60 15.6 1.431 100
180
37.8
82.2
17Mcp
380cp
 
  60 15.6 1.418 100
180
37.8
82.2
6900cp
230cp
 
  60 15.6 1.405 100
180
37.8
82.2
3200cp
160cp
 
Sugar solutions
Sucrose 60 Brix

64 Brix

68 Brix

72 Brix

74 Brix

76 Brix

  60 15.6 1.29 70
100
37.8
82.2
49.7
18.7
230
92
  60 15.6 1.31 70
100
21.1
37.8
95.2
31.6
440
148
  60 15.6 1.338 70
100
21.1
37.8
216.4
59.5
1000
275
  60 15.6 1.36 70
100
21.1
37.8
595
138.6
2700
640
  60 15.6 1.376 70
100
21.1
37.8
1210
238
5500
1100
  60 15.6 1.39 70
100
21.1
37.8
2200
440
10000
2000
Sulphuric acid
100%

444.6

68 20 1.839 68
140
20
60
14.56
7.2cp
76
95%   68 20 1.839 68 20 14.5 75
60%   68 20 1.50 68 20 4.4 41
20%
  68 20 1.14       3M-8M
650-1400
Tar, coke oven
  60 15.6 1.12+ 70
100
21.1
37.8
600-1760
141-308
15M-300M
2M-20M
Tar, gas house
  60 15.6 1.16-1.30 70
100
21.1
37.8
3300-66M
440-4400
2500
500
Tar, pine
  60 15.6 1.06+ 100
132
37.8
55.6
559
108.2
200-300
55-60
Tar, road-RT-2

RT-4

RT-6

RT-8

RT-10

RT-12

  60 15.6 1.07+ 122
212
50
100
43.2-64.9
8.8-10.2
400-700
65-70
  60 15.6 1.08+ 122
212
50
100
86.6-154
11.6-14.3
1M-2M
85-125
  60 15.6 1.09+ 122
212
50
100
216-440
16.8-26.2
3M-8M
150-225
  60 15.6 1.13+ 122
212
50
100
660-1760
31.8-48.3
20M-60M
250-400
  60 156 1.14+ 122
212
50
100
4.4M-13.2M
53.7-86.6
114M-458M
500-800
  60 15.6 1.15+ 122
212
50
100
25M-75M
108-173
 
Toluene

231
110.6

68 20 0.866 68
140
20
60
0.68
0.38cp
185.7
Triethylene glycol
  68 20 1.125 70 21.1 40 400-440
185-205
Turpentine

320

60 15.6 .86-.87 100
130
37.8
54.4
86.5-95.2
39.9-44.3
1425
650
Varnish, spar
  60 15.6 0.9 68
100
20
37.8
313
143
 
Water, distilled   60 15.6 1.00 68 20 1.0038 31
Water, fresh
  60 15.6 1.0 60
130
15.6
54.4
1.13
0.55
31.5
Water, sea   60 15.6 1.03     1.15 31.5
Whale oil
  60 15.6 0.925 100
130
37.8
54.4
35-39.6
19.9-23.4
163-184
97-112
Xylene-o
287
142.7
68 20 0.87 68
104
20
40
0.93
0.623cp
 

Viscosity of Crankcase Oils


Viscosity of Fuel Oils

Viscosity of Turbine Oils

Viscosity of Water

Temp
Absolute Viscosity
Kinematic Viscosity
Centipoises
Centistokes
SSU
ft/sec
32
1.79
1.79
33.0
0.00001931
50
1.31
1.31
31.6
0.00001410
60
1.12
1.12
31.2
0.00001217
70
0.98
0.98
30.9
0.00001059
80
0.86
0.86
30.6
0.00000930
85
0.81
0.81
30.4
0.00000869
100
0.68
0.69
30.2
0.00000739
120
0.56
0.57
30.0
0.00000609
140
0.47
0.48
29.7
0.00000514
160
0.40
0.41
29.6
0.00000442
180
0.35
0.36
29.5
0.00000385
212
0.28
0.29
29.3
0.00000319

Viscosity-Temperature Relations of Petroluem Oils

Viscosity-Unit Conversions

 

Kinematic Viscosity
multiply by to obtain
ft2/sec
ft2/sec
m2/sec
m2/sec
centistokes
centistokes
92903.04
0.092903
10.7639
1000000.0
0.000001
0.0000107639
centistokes
m2/sec
ft2/sec
centistokes
m2/sec
ft2/sec

 

Absolute or Dynamic Viscosity
multiply by to obtain
lbf-sec/ft2
lbf-sec/ft2
centipoises
centipoises
centipoises
Pascal-sec
Pascal-sec
47880.26
47.8803
0.000102
0.00000208854
0.001
0.0208854
1000
Centipoises
Pascal-sec
kg-sec/m2
lbf-sec/ft2
Pascal-sec
lbf-sec/ft2
centipoises

*Sometimes absolute viscosity is given in terms of pounds mass. In this case, centipoises x 0.000672 = lbm/ft sec.

Absolute to Kinematic Viscosity
multiply by to obtain
centipoises
centipoises
lbf-sec/ft2
kg-sec/m2
Pascal-sec
1/density (g/cm3
0.00067197/density (lb/ft3)
32.174/density (lb/ft3)
9.80665/density (kg/m3)
1000/density (g/cm3)
centistokes
ft2/sec
ft2/sec
m2/sec
centistokes

 

Kinematic to Absolute Viscosity
multiply by to obtain
centistokes
sq meters/sec
ft2/sec
ft2/sec
centistokes 
density (g/cm3)
0.10197 x density (kg/m3)
0.03108 x density (lb/ft3)
1488.16 x density (lb/ft3
0.001 x density (g/cm3
centipoises
kg-sec/m2
lbf-sec/ft2
centipoises
Pascal-sec

 



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